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All You Need to Know about Residential Ethernet Network LAN Cabling

network cables

Ethernet cables have been around for almost 50 years now. They played an integral part in computer networking and local area networks. Ethernet cable has been the base of every network and LAN. You can use these cables on both residential and enterprise levels.

There is a multiplicity of Ethernet cables in the market. You can get small patches and accessories based on your networking requirements. Here is everything you need to know about the residential network cabling.

Why Ethernet Cable?

Ethernet cable cat6 1000ft was commercially available in the ’80s. Since then this cable has been the center of every network. You cannot deny the importance of these cables. You can use them to connect two devices like your computer and a router. You can transfer data from one device to another with an Ethernet cable. You can do all that and you can also create local area networks. These networks are important for security purposes.

Residential ethernet network cabling is a bit different than the commercial one. You don’t need bulk cable to cater to your networking needs. You can work with patch cables to create a small network. Before choosing the cable for your residential network, there are some dynamics you should understand. This will help you make an informed decision.

How does Ethernet Network Cable Work?

Working on an Ethernet network cable completely depends on its internal structure. Every cable has almost the same internal structure. There are copper wires twisted together to create pairs of those wires. To enhance protection, some cables come with an extra layer of shield around those pairs of wires. Those cables are known as shielded cables. You can use them if your network is surrounded by electric cables. Because signals from electric cables would interfere with the internet. They can harm data packages. This phenomenon is called crosstalk.

On the other hand, if the residential network does not have any other cables around, you can simply use the unshielded cable. They will be well within your budget. If you have older cables in your network, you do not need to replace the whole thing. You can install new cables because the newer category cables work perfectly fine with older categories. Newer category cables are backward compatible.

What are the Categories of Ethernet Cables?

You may have heard the cable name like cat5e or cat6. The cat here is shorter for the category. There are many categories of Ethernet network cables. The newer the cable, the higher its category number. For example, you can tell that cat6 is better than cat3 because its category is higher.

You need category 5 or higher for your residential network. There are several reasons for that. These cables offer excellent data transfer rate and frequency. If you want to stream videos, you won’t regret getting these Ethernet cat6 solid 1000ft cables. All of these cables will be within your budget. You will not have to worry about going crazy with your budget. Not only do these cables work well with networks and computers, but you can also use them with your security cameras.

Cat5 – this category of cable is on the verge of becoming older. Even though they are still in use in many networks. You’ll get substantial internet speed for your network.

Cat5e – this is an enhanced version of its predecessor. Its design offers a better speed and a stable internet connection. You’ll be getting 1Gbps of internet speed.

Cat6 – as the category number would suggest that this cable is rather a new one on the market. It is full of useful specs for both commercial and residential purposes. You’ll get a whopping 10Gbps of speed. This cable works perfectly fine even at longer distances. Cat6 is for high-end ethernet networks where you need high-speed internet. For residential purposes, you can use it as well.

Outer Ethernet Network Jacket Types

There are mainly three types of outer jackets in an Ethernet cable. Plenum, riser, and PVC are those types. You can get one based on your networking requirements. It also depends on the location of your installation. If you install those cables in an indoor space, you’ll need indoor cables and vice versa.

Plenum cables – these cables are ideal for plenum spaces of any building. These spaces have regular airflow that makes them dangerous in an event of a fire. Plenum-rated cable would burn slowly. There will not be any toxic fumes.

Riser cables – riser-rated cables are ideal for the rise spaces of any building. These are vertical spaces. You can use plenum cables instead of these cables but not the other way around.

PVC cables – these cables are outdoor cables. They bear harsh weather conditions and extreme temperatures. Their outer jacket is made of high-density polyvinyl chloride.

We hope that all this information about residential network cabling technology would help you make an informed decision about your networking needs.

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