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Census results 2021: Data and maps for religion and ethnicity in England and Wales

Census results 2021: Data and maps for religion and ethnicity in England and Wales

England and Wales are becoming less white and Christian, new official data reveals today.

The number of people in England and Wales identifying their ethnic group as white has fallen by around 500,000 in a decade, the Office for National Statistics has said.

Some 81.7% of residents of England and Wales described themselves as white on Census Day 2021, up from 86% a decade earlier.

You can see how the numbers stack up in your area in the interactive maps below.

The second most common ethnic group was “Asian, Asian British or Asian Welsh” at 9.3%, down from 7.5% in 2011.

The ONS also revealed that two-thirds of Londoners now identify as part of an ethnic minority – a group that is not ‘white Britons’ but includes whites of other nationalities.

And for the first time since the census began nearly 200 years ago, less than half the population declared themselves Christian. More than a third now say they have no religion.

But the ONS also revealed that while the ethnic makeup of England and Wales is changing, more than 90% said they felt British.

The ONS also revealed that while the ethnic makeup of England and Wales is changing, over 90% said they felt British.

The ONS also revealed that while the ethnic makeup of England and Wales is changing, over 90% said they felt British.

Britain without God: Christians now make up less than half of E&W’s population, with a third saying they follow no religion

Some 46.2% of the population of England and Wales described themselves as Christian on Census Day 2021, up from 59.3% a decade earlier, the ONS said.

This is the first time that the proportion has fallen below half.

The percentage of people who say they have no religion has increased from around a quarter in 2011 (25.2%) to more than a third in 2021 (37.2%).

The proportion of people describing themselves as Muslim (from 4.9% to 6.5%) and Hindu (from 1.5% to 1.7%) increased.

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London remains the most religiously diverse region of England, with just over a quarter (25.3%) of residents on Census Day 2021 reporting a religion other than Christian.

The South West of England is the least religiously diverse region, with 3.2% choosing a religion other than Christian.

The question on religion was voluntary in the 2021 census, but was answered by 94.0% of the total population of England and Wales, up from 92.9% in 2011, the ONS added.

Andrew Copson, chief executive of the charity group Humanists UK, said the 2021 census results “confirm that the biggest demographic shift in England and Wales over the past 10 years has been the dramatic growth of non-religious people “, which means that “the United Kingdom is almost certainly one of the least religious countries on Earth”.

The census takes place across the UK every 10 years and provides the most accurate estimate of all people and households in the country.

Further data will be released in stages over the next two years.

Deputy Census Director Jon Wroth-Smith said: “Today’s data highlights the increasingly multicultural society in which we live.

‘The percentage of people identifying their ethnic group as ‘White: English, Welsh, Scottish, Northern Irish or British’ continues to decline. While this remains the most common response to the ethnic group question, the number of people identifying with another ethnic group continues to rise.

“However, the picture varies depending on where you live. London remains the most ethnically diverse region of England, where just under two-thirds identify with a minority ethnic group, while less than one in 10 identify themselves that way in the North East .

“But despite the ethnically diverse nature of society, 9 in 10 people in England and Wales still identify with a British national identity, and almost 8 in 10 do so in London.”

The ONS said significant ethnic shifts were seen among people identifying as ‘white: other white’, which stood at 3.7million (6.2%) in 2021, down from 2.5 million (4.4%) in 2011.

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And the number of people identifying their ethnic group as “Other ethnic group: any other ethnic group” rose to 924,000 (1.6%), from 333,000 (0.6%) in 2011.

About one in 10 households (2.5 million) had members of at least two different ethnic groups in 2021.

This is an increase from 8.7% in 2011, the ONS said.

Some 46.2% of the population of England and Wales described themselves as Christian on Census Day 2021, up from 59.3% a decade earlier, the ONS said.

This is the first time that the proportion has fallen below half.

The percentage of people who say they have no religion has increased from around a quarter in 2011 (25.2%) to more than a third in 2021 (37.2%).

The proportion of people describing themselves as Muslim (from 4.9% to 6.5%) and Hindu (from 1.5% to 1.7%) increased.

London remains the most religiously diverse region of England, with just over a quarter (25.3%) of residents on Census Day 2021 reporting a religion other than Christian.

Don’t call us British, say the growing number of Cornish

The proportion of Cornish people who say they are not British has risen by more than 60% in a decade.

The 2021 census showed that 14% (80,000) of the population chose a solely “Cornish” identity. This represents an increase from 9.9%, or 53,000 people, in 2011.

Only 1.6% (9,000) of the population chose “Cornish” in combination with a “British” identity, an increase from 1% (5,000) in 2011.

Another (100,000) chose either the ‘Cornish’ identity alone or chose ‘Cornish’ in combination with ‘British’ (an increase from 0.1%, or 66,000, in 2011)

The South West of England is the least religiously diverse region, with 3.2% choosing a religion other than Christian.

The question on religion was voluntary in the 2021 census, but was answered by 94.0% of the total population of England and Wales, up from 92.9% in 2011, the ONS added.

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The Archbishop of York said the country had ‘left behind the days when many people almost automatically identified as Christian’ after census data showed that the proportion of the population of England and self-described Wales had fallen below half for the first time.

The Very Reverend Stephen Cottrell said: “The Christian church exists to share the good news of Jesus Christ, serve our fellow man and bring hope to a troubled world. This is what we have done for 2,000 years, in times of war and peace; difficulties and abundance; rebirth and decline and that is what we must do now more than ever.

“It’s no big surprise that the census shows fewer people in this country identifying as Christians than in the past, but it still challenges us to not only believe that God will build his kingdom on earth, but also to play our part. to make Christ known.

“We have left behind the days when many people almost automatically identified as Christians, but other surveys consistently show how the same people are still looking for spiritual truth and wisdom and a set of values ​​to uphold.

“This winter – perhaps more than in a long time – people across the country, some in desperate need, will turn to their local church, not just for spiritual hope but practical help. We will be there for them, in many cases providing them with food and warmth. And at Christmas, millions of people will still come to our services.

“At the same time, we will look beyond our immediate surroundings, remembering that we are part of a global faith, the greatest movement on Earth and its greatest hope for a peaceful and sustainable future.”

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