As the world moves towards sustainable farming methods, switching to sustainable irrigation such as a sprinkler system is a great idea. With the technological advancements, sprinkler systems have got their fair share of a makeover, with automated systems gradually carving a niche in the market.
What Is Sprinkler Irrigation System?
Sprinkler irrigation is an agricultural watering technique that uses sprinklers to spray water droplets overhead to farming land. It covers a large area as it simulates natural rainfall. Here, the water is pumped through pipes and separated through the sprinklers. The sprinklers spray it, just like a proper rain shower would.
The sprinkler irrigation system consists of various components. Depending on the soil texture and crops, they are installed differently at different farming lands.
Essentially, a typical sprinkler irrigation system consists of:
- Pumping unit-
It consists of a water pump to extract water from the source and feed it to the system. The water pump is typically centrifugal. The pump also decides the pressure the water is provided to the system.
- Control unit-
It consists of parts like sensors that regulate the pressure and keep an eye on the water supply and demand ratio. Therefore, it is the head of the whole system.
- Water pipes:
A sprinkler irrigation system consists of primary and secondary pipes. The primary water pipes supply water to the laterals from the source. The secondary pipes use the water from the direct lines and feed it to the sprinklers.
Sprinklers are water-emitting devices. Here the water breaks down into particles into raindrop size and is sprayed onto crops. It simulates rainfall to deliver water over the head of the crops. This way, water gets distributed in the most uniform way possible.
- Auxiliary parts-
Sprinkler system also consists of valves, pressure regulators, couplers, risers that make the system more reliable and efficient.
What Is Micro Sprinkler Irrigation System?
Micro sprinkler irrigation system is the localized and modern version of the traditional sprinkler system described above. Here, the focus is to use water as efficiently as possible. The system supplies adequate water to the crops at low pressure and low volume.
Micro sprinkler irrigation systems are commonly used to grow row crops such as seasonal vegetables. It is also suitable to install at orchards, vineyards, home lawns. It is easy to install due to its compact size.
Since it comes with a riser, you can adjust it to set the system at the desirable and optimum height.
Benefits of Sprinkler Irrigation System
The advantages of the sprinkler system are not limited to watering just the crop or farming area; it is also highly beneficial for home lawns. Here are the top three benefits of installing a sprinkler watering system for your home or agricultural land.
1. Optimal Water Use
Sprinkler irrigation feeds water to the crop almost like rainfall would. It focuses on uniform water distribution. It means more output with comparatively less water input. If you place the sprinklers at the correct height can cover a large area of land.
It does not need any water conveyance pipes. Therefore, there is almost zero conveyance loss. A properly installed sprinkler irrigation system reduces water usage by around 30%-50%.
2. Easy Farming
The sprinkler irrigation system is suitable for all soil types, except heavy clay. It reduces the manual labor involved in watering the plants and crops. The sprinkler system also improves the soil compaction and is ideal for areas with high plant density per square meter.
It is compatible with soluble fertilizers and chemicals as well. It means spraying them on the crops becomes an easy task for the farmers.
3. Hassle-free installation
A sprinkler irrigation system involves a simple setup of pipes and sprinklers. Therefore, its installation process is easy. It is suitable for any land type with any climatic condition. At places with low temperatures, it prevents frost formation.
Sustainable irrigation is the need of the hour as the world faces drastic climatic changes and subsequent water shortages. Of the many such techniques, the sprinkler system is gaining widespread acceptance due to its efficient use of water, especially in areas where uniform watering is of utmost importance.